Publication and Processing Charges

Submission of articles to the Journal is free. However, for accepted articles there is an article processing charge to cover production and administrative costs (that would otherwise be recovered through journal sales and subscriptions for a restricted access journal).

The submitting/senior author must confirm at the time of manuscript submission that they have sufficient funds to cover the article processing charges, if their manuscript is accepted for publication. The charges become payable as soon as the manuscript has been accepted in principle following peer-review. We may ask the authors to pay the Basic Open-Access Article Processing Fee before their article is processed any further.

Basic Open-Access Article Processing: GB £475*

The above charges are valid for articles in the category of reviews, mini-reviews, research articles, research reports, clinical reports, and new methods and technologies,  within the recommended size limits (see Preparation of Manuscripts). Longer articles will be charged at £50 per every additional 400 words (or a fraction), per extra figure or table (including supplementary figures and tables), or per every ten extra references (or a fraction).

Other Other types of articles, such as, letters, meeting reports, news and editorials will be charged at GB £175* per printed journal page, or a fraction of a page (maximum GB £475*) (guide: ca. 800 words per page, excluding figures and tables).

Should your article be withdrawn after its publication for any reasons, for example, but not limited to, for providing false information, falsifying data in the article, defaulting publication charges, violation of anyone’s copyrights or other rights, you will remain liable for publication charges and any other costs agreed or paid at the time of publication of your article.

Editing Charges

In-house copy editing of submitted manuscripts is kept to a minimum. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the English language of their manuscript, and if their first language is not English they should have their manuscript proofread by other colleagues. The corresponding author is notified at the time of manuscript submission, should a manuscript require extensive linguistic editing.


A charge will be made to authors if figures, line drawings or tables are of insufficient quality and standard, and do not conform to the journal style, and have to be re-drawn, re-sized or converted into the correct format by the Publisher (minimum charge GB £25 per item). In multi-part figures each part constitutes one item. Authors are generally notified of this at the time of manuscript revision.


Authors must also provide references in the correct journal format. Costs of extensive formatting of references will be passed on to the authors (minimum £50).

Changes to the Typeset Article and Errata Submission to PubMed Central

Once the manuscript has been approved by the corresponding author, any further change are chargeable, unless the mistakes have been introduced by our typesetter. Therefore, the authors are requested to carefully check the accuracy of the copy-edited version that they receive from the Publisher to avoid additional charges.

Changes to the typeset: From £50

Errata submission to PMC: From £100

Other charges
  • Retraction of a manuscript by the author(s) following the first round of evaluation, but not yet accepted: £250
  • Retraction of a manuscript by the author(s) following acceptance of a manuscript after evaluation: £475
  • Retraction of a manuscript by the publisher after publication if a misconduct comes to their knowledge, such as copyright violation, plaigarism, etc: £475

There is no charge if the manuscript is rejected by the publisher.